As a contractor, we’re sure you’ll agree — you will install soffit material on almost every home. If you are not installing wood or fiber cement, then you will be using F-channel or J-channel to install vinyl or aluminum soffit. Which is the best choice? That depends on a number of factors:
Is this new construction or a remodel?
How much area is available to install the soffit?
Are you installing over existing soffit?
Soffit serves an important function in the overall maintenance plan of a home. Ventilated soffit allows the attic area to breathe. You can have either all ventilated soffit or a combination of ventilated and solid soffit to provide a path for the right amount of airflow from the outside of the home to the roof vents while also keeping unwanted pests from nesting in the home. Solid soffit is often used to cover large areas under carports or shed roofs that don’t require ventilation but where a maintenance-free finish is desired.
Once you decide on vented soffit or a combination of vented and solid soffit, you will then need to decide on either J-channel or F- channel, or a combination of both, to secure the soffit panels in place. Which pieces you need will depend upon the current construction of the eaves that you’re working on and how the new soffit will be installed.
These two pieces of trim can either be aluminum or vinyl. The fascia secures on the soffit outside of the panel, then the J or F Channel secures it to the wall.
F-channel can be used during most soffit installations and is a good choice for two reasons:
It provides a finished edge without the need for additional trim pieces.
There is no need for additional backing to provide support as in the case of J- channel.
Referring to the photo above, this is the position in which the F-channel is normally installed — nailing flange up. In new construction, the F-channel is attached to the exterior of the home.
Once installed in the J- or F-Channel and the fascia, the soffit then has to be nailed in place to the adjoining panel. Once that is done, the installation is complete. The channels provide all the support that is necessary to keep the soffit in place.
J-channel has traditionally been used as trim around windows and doors during vinyl and aluminum siding installations, along with being used quite frequently for soffit. It can also be used to finish areas where horizontal siding dead ends into another material such as the bottom of the F-channel in the soffit area, but there are also frieze boards or other products that can be used for this purpose. However, it can also be used to install soffit.
When installing J-channel for soffit installation, the bottom of the “J” is the channel the soffit will slide into, so the nailing flange needs to be attached to a support structure that will not be the house or the inside of the fascia board. This will normally be the old soffit or the wood to which it is attached, or it could be a new piece of wood that is attached solely for the purpose of securing the J-channel.
Aluminum is the better choice because it:
Is stiffer, but still flexible enough to be easily handled
Presents a more defined visual line
Is not affected by the heat or cold like vinyl
When installing F-channel and J-channel, always use the pre-punched holes to nail through. It’s important to ensure you don’t nail the channels too tight, as they need to be able to shift slightly to account for expansion and contraction. You can use roofing nails as they have a larger head and are easier to hit. Remember, do not draw the nail down more than enough to make the trim piece snug.
Soffit material is sold in 12’ lengths, but it must be cut into pieces and installed in a way that the pieces will interlock, ensuring the soffit stays together.
Soffit is manufactured from many different materials:
Regardless of the material used, soffit is available in either vented or non-vented panels. Vented soffit has perforations that allow air to move from the outside into the attic space, while non-vented is solid. Typically you will use a combination of both, ensuring you have enough ventilation to give optimum airflow through the attic, but it is also possible to use only vented soffit as well.
Aluminum soffit panels provide a light weight, rigid panel that is easy to handle and install and comes in a large selection of colors. However, other than occasional washing, its best benefit is that aluminum is maintenance-free. Wood, fiber cement and composites all require regular scraping, painting and caulking — something most homeowners prefer not to do.
With more than 70 years of experience, Alsco is positioned to help you make the best decisions on siding, soffit and fascia installations. Our seasoned customer service staff is experienced in working with contractors and home exterior professionals. We’re always ready to answer your questions, so contact us today for expert advice and direction on installing your new soffit.